Categories
Linguistics

Wikipedia isn’t a bad place to start either to get some basic background info (but don’t cite wiki).

1 Basic purpose
For this assignment, you will pick a threatened/endangered/minority/Indigenous language spoken somewhere in the world, do some basic research on it, and present your findings in the form of a written report. This assignment will introduce you to using resources for finding information about languages. You will also get experience thinking about some of the broad topics we’ve discussed in class from the specific perspective of a single language.
You will produce three language reports throughout the semester. What you’ll produce
Your report will be a 2-3 page (double space; 750 word minimum) report which answers the questions below. The report needs to be mostly prose (not bullet points), but will be in multiple short sections — this is a report, not a persuasive essay. For the report, you will need to answer 7 of the 8 following questions. Please write out each question and then respond to it with a one to two paragraph response.
1. What is the demography of the language?
To answer this question, provide as much information as you can about the speaker population, the overall ethnic population, where speakers live, and any other important demographic information you can find.
2. What historical events have led to a physical threat to the language?
Be sure to explain why the historical event directly affected the vitality of the language.
3. What historical events have led to cultural threats to the language?
Be sure to explain why the historical event directly affected the vitality of the language.
4. Is there a written tradition related to the language?
In other words, do speakers of this language have a history of writing in their language? Do they have a unique writing system or script? Some languages don’t have a major written tradition, and for many speech communities, the language is really only an oral language. For some
languages, the most significant written document might be a translation of, for example, the New Testament of the Bible.
5. What domains of use is the language used in? What important domains is it not used in?
Make sure to consider home domains, education, government, commerce, and media, if not other important domains. For example, “The language is used in the home and is taught in primary education, but it is not used by the government in any way and is not used in media.”
6. Does the language receive any institutional support from government, private, or community- based organizations, or elsewhere?
Answering this question may involve searching for news reports about the language or the community that speaks the language. This would include declaration of a language as having official status in a country or territory.
7. According to your report, how would you classify the level of endangerment of the language according to Crystal pp. 20-21?
You must justify and explain your endangerment classification.
8. Are there revitalization or maintenance efforts related to the language?
This can include any kind of program to promote or learn the language, either as a grassroots community effort, or a government program.
3 Picking a language for your report
• Pick a hotspot: Language endangerment “hotspots” are regions with a high linguistic diversity and high rates of endangered languages. For your three language reports over the course of the semester, you will need to pick languages from three (3) different hotspots. The list of hotspots can be found at this website: https://www.swarthmore.edu/SocSci/langhotspots/features.html.
• Choose a hotspot to see a list of languages and genetic units found in that region
• From the list of languages, you will want to do some initial exploration of resources to help you pick a language you can do a successful report on. Try finding your language on the Endangered Languages Catalogue (endangeredlanguages.com), Ethnologue (ethnologue.com), or Glottolog (glottolog.org). Ethnologue (access from here: https://guides.library.manoa.hawaii.edu/linguistics) will provide some basic vitality information, Glottolog will show you a list of known resources about a given language. Wikipedia isn’t a bad place to start either to get some basic background info (but don’t cite Wiki).
• Pick a language for which you think there is enough available information to write your report with the info listed in the next section.
Conducting further research
Try to find access to sources you see on the Glottolog, Ethnologue, or Wikipedia page for your language. Make sure that you adequately cite all of your sources — failure to do so can be counted as plagiarism.
4 Assignment details, formatting
• Please cite all of your sources. You should have in-line citations (Author, YEAR) in the body of your report, and a references section at the end. We ask that for your references section, you conform to a simple MLA citation format. • Remember: Failure to cite your sources constitutes plagiarism.

Categories
Linguistics

https://www.iaak.uni-bonn.de/de/research/resources/term-paper-and-thesis-guideli

https://www.iaak.uni-bonn.de/de/research/resources/term-paper-and-thesis-guidelines-8th-edition-2021.pdf. Here are the concrete guidelines. I also have made a presentation just in case you need more information.

Categories
Linguistics

The purpose of this exercise is to write about a feature or question that may be

The purpose of this exercise is to write about a feature or question that may be interesting from a
sociolinguistic point of view. Your observation can be based on any kind of language material –
your own experience, a conversation you overheard, an audio recording, a video, a TV show, a
newspaper, a novel, an email message… In a nutshell, anything you encounter in your everyday
life. You will write a short summary of this observation, answering the three questions below. You
should draw on what we have learned in the course this semester in order to make your
observation and to demonstrate your understanding of how it relates to the concepts, previous
research, and methodologies that we have encountered.

Note that we are describing language use, not judging it, so avoid prescriiptive value
judgements and stereotyping.

Your observations do not have to be about English – in fact, you are encouraged to share
observations on other languages (though this is not a requirement).

A number of suggested topics are listed below, but observations related to any aspect of the
course material or sociolinguistics more generally are welcome.

Categories
Linguistics

Part 1: This assignment is designed to provide you with an opportunity to find a

Part 1: This assignment is designed to provide you with an opportunity to find and generate APA style references about the assessment and treatment of voice and resonance disorders. Specifically, you are to develop an APA style bibliography of 5 research articles that focus on cause(s), assessment and/or behavioral treatment of voice and resonance disorders (behavioral treatment is the therapy that we apply). Two (2) articles should be related to the same topic, but the others can be unrelated.
You may want to begin by looking briefly in your text for information and key words you can search on-line. It may provide you with some ideas.
Start with the ASHA website, and look for the Evidence Map in Voice Disorders, which can be found in the ASHA Practice Portal (https://www.asha.org/Practice-Portal/Clinical-Topics/Voice-Disorders/ (Links to an external site.)). You can also look in the databases in the Library. I have found Science Direct and Academic Search Premier to be very helpful search engines, and The Journal of Voice is a very strong journal for articles on these topics. You will be able to find what you need using these 2 resources, but you may search elsewhere if you wish. I want you to get the experience of using these resources.
Once you found five, write the references for these articles in APA format. APA format is very specific and can be found on-line (The Purdue OWL, etc.). Ultimately, you are generating a bibliography of sources about voice and resonance disorders.
Submit your bibliography. The papers will be graded according to content, organization, and mechanics with particular attention to APA style.
Each of your references will be formatted like the one below (Note the level of detail, organization, capitalization, and punctuation). The bibliography should be alphabetized.
Smith, J. E. & Smith, J. C. (2016). The effects of yawn-sigh on vocal nodules. The
Journal of Voice Disorders, 12(3), 19-26.
Part 2 (Handed in separately)
For this assignment, you will select 2 of the articles from your bibliography (Research Assignment One). Then, summarize each one according to the following format:
APA reference at the top of the summary (written in the format in Assignment One)
Purpose of the study or article (1-2 sentences)
Participants and methods used in the study (1-2 paragraphs)*
Results of the study (1-2 paragraph)*
*If your article is not a formal research study, you can use 3-4 paragraphs to summarize the article’s content.
Each summary will be 1-2 pages, double-spaced. You do not need to cite the articles in the summaries, but they should be well written and organized. Your paper will be graded according to content, organization and mechanics (grammar, spelling, punctuation, etc.).
The papers will be graded according to content, organization, and mechanics with particular attention to APA style. If papers are passed in late, a penalty will be imposed.

Categories
Linguistics

I am applying to NYU as an economics student. I come from India , I have travell

I am applying to NYU as an economics student. I come from India , I have travelled 20 + countries and written a book ( milesandmoments ) on amazon.
I also paint. I have painted a portfolio , impressions of women of India ( women in different roles) .
I have been working on economic forum of the school , editor in chief of school news paper and food blogger
With such experiences
I am sure I can contribute to shape and grow the diverse community of NYU,
need to bring out value of NYU and how much rich experience can shape and grow this community

Categories
Linguistics

This is not a whole essay but a homework constitutes of short answers, sentence

This is not a whole essay but a homework constitutes of short answers, sentence generation according to the rules or analysis. Each question is different but will be easier and shorter than an essay.